# Puzzles Test

Logical Reasoning Questions based on Puzzles Test can be tried upon in this question and answers. Attempt all of them to know if you understand it's basic concept.This section is very useful for those who are preparing for competitive exams such as Written test of Bank Exams, CAT Exams, Railway Exams, SSC, UPSC,Banking,Insurance, Defence and many more.

• Q43.Directions: Answer the question based on the following information.
Economists are assigned a number called Keynes number (named after the famous Economist, John Maynard Keynes). Only John Maynard Keynes himself has a Keynes number of zero. Any Economist who has written a research paper with Keynes has a Keynes number of 1. For other, Economists the calculation of his/her Keynes number is illustrated below
Suppose that an Economist, X has co-authored papers with several other Economists. From among them, Economists Y has the smallest Keynes number. Let the Keynes s number of Y be y. Then, X has a Keynes number of y + 1. Hence, any Economists with no co-authorship chain connected to Keynes have a Keynes number of infinity.
In a seven day long mini-conference organized in memory of John Maynard Keynes, a close group of eight mathematicians, call them A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H, discussed some research problems. At the beginning of the conference, A was the only participant who had an infinite Keynes number. Nobody had a Keynes number less than that of F.
On the third day of the conference F co-authored a paper jointly with A and C. This reduced the average Keynes number of the group of eight mathematicians to 3. The Keynes number of B, D, E, G and H remained unchanged with the writing of this paper. Further, no other co-authorship among any three members would have reduced the average Keynes number of the group of eight to as low as 3.
At the end of the third day, five members of this group had identical Keynes number while the other three had Keynes numbers distinct from each other. On the fifth day, E co-authored a paper with F which reduced the group's average Keynes number by 0.5. The Keynes numbers of remaining six were unchanged with the writing of this paper. No other paper was written during the conference.

How many participants in the conference did not change their Keynes number during the conference? • Q44.Directions : Answer the question based on the following information:
Two traders, Anamika and Deepak, were involved in the buying and selling of IDBI shares over five trading days. At the beginning of the first day, the IDBI share was priced at Rs 100, while at the end of the fifth day it was priced at Rs 110. At the end of each day, the IDBI share price either went up by Rs 10, or else, it came down by Rs 10. Both Anamika and Deepak took buying and selling decisions at the end of each trading day. The beginning price of IDBI share on a given day was the same as the ending price of the previous day. Anamika and Deepak started with the same number of shares and amount of cash and had enough of both. Below are some additional facts about how Anamika and Deepak traded over the five trading days.
Each day if the price 'went up, Anamika sold 10 shares of IDBI at the closing price. On the other hand, each day if the price went down, he bought 10 shares at the closing price.
If on any day, the closing price was above Rs 110, then Deepak sold 10 shares of IDBI, while if it was below Rs 90, he bought 10 shares, all at the closing price.

If Anamika sold 10 shares of IDBI on three consecutive days, while Deepak sold 10 shares only once during the five days, what was the price of IDBI at the end of day3? • Q45.Directions : Answer the question based on the following information:
Two traders, Anamika and Deepak, were involved in the buying and selling of IDBI shares over five trading days. At the beginning of the first day, the IDBI share was priced at Rs 100, while at the end of the fifth day it was priced at Rs 110. At the end of each day, the IDBI share price either went up by Rs 10, or else, it came down by Rs 10. Both Anamika and Deepak took buying and selling decisions at the end of each trading day. The beginning price of IDBI share on a given day was the same as the ending price of the previous day. Anamika and Deepak started with the same number of shares and amount of cash and had enough of both. Below are some additional facts about how Anamika and Deepak traded over the five trading days.
Each day if the price 'went up, Anamika sold 10 shares of IDBI at the closing price. On the other hand, each day if the price went down, he bought 10 shares at the closing price.
If on any day, the closing price was above Rs 110, then Deepak sold 10 shares of IDBI, while if it was below Rs 90, he bought 10 shares, all at the closing price.

If Michael ended up with 20 more shares than Chetan at the end of day 5, what was the Price of the share at the end of day 3? • Q46.Directions : Answer the question based on the following information:
Two traders, Anamika and Deepak, were involved in the buying and selling of IDBI shares over five trading days. At the beginning of the first day, the IDBI share was priced at Rs 100, while at the end of the fifth day it was priced at Rs 110. At the end of each day, the IDBI share price either went up by Rs 10, or else, it came down by Rs 10. Both Anamika and Deepak took buying and selling decisions at the end of each trading day. The beginning price of IDBI share on a given day was the same as the ending price of the previous day. Anamika and Deepak started with the same number of shares and amount of cash and had enough of both. Below are some additional facts about how Anamika and Deepak traded over the five trading days.
Each day if the price 'went up, Anamika sold 10 shares of IDBI at the closing price. On the other hand, each day if the price went down, he bought 10 shares at the closing price.
If on any day, the closing price was above Rs 110, then Deepak sold 10 shares of IDBI, while if it was below Rs 90, he bought 10 shares, all at the closing price.

If Deepak ended up with Rs 100 less cash than Anamika at the end of day 5, what was the difference in the number of shares possessed by Deepak and Anamika (at the end of day 5)? • Q47.Directions : Answer the question based on the following information:
Two traders, Anamika and Deepak, were involved in the buying and selling of IDBI shares over five trading days. At the beginning of the first day, the IDBI share was priced at Rs 100, while at the end of the fifth day it was priced at Rs 110. At the end of each day, the IDBI share price either went up by Rs 10, or else, it came down by Rs 10. Both Anamika and Deepak took buying and selling decisions at the end of each trading day. The beginning price of IDBI share on a given day was the same as the ending price of the previous day. Anamika and Deepak started with the same number of shares and amount of cash and had enough of both. Below are some additional facts about how Anamika and Deepak traded over the five trading days.
Each day if the price 'went up, Anamika sold 10 shares of IDBI at the closing price. On the other hand, each day if the price went down, he bought 10 shares at the closing price.
If on any day, the closing price was above Rs 110, then Deepak sold 10 shares of IDBI, while if it was below Rs 90, he bought 10 shares, all at the closing price.

If Anamika ended up with Rs 1300 more cash than Deepak at the end of day 5, what was the price of IDBI share at the end of day 4? • Q48.Directions : Answer the question based on the following information.
A study was conducted to ascertain the relative importance that employees in five different countries assigned to five different traits, in their managers. The traits were Self motivation (S), Reliability (R), Integrity (I), optimism (O) and flexibility (F), The level of dissimilarity between two countries is the maximum difference in the ranks allotted: by the two countries to any of the five traits. The following table indicates the rank order of the five traits for each country. Which amongst the following countries is most dissimilar to India?   