Logical Deduction: Practice Set -1

JagranJosh Experts came up with all new Conceptual Practice Test on Logical Reasoning - Logical Deduction which contains topics such as Statement & Assumptions and Statement & Course of Action. This practice set contains 15 questions with explanations. Logical Reasoning - Logical Deduction Online Practice Test is useful for all important exams like IBPS, SBI PO-Clerk, IBPS RRB, SBI, Insurance, IAS, SSC, CAT, Railways, CDS, CTET, Campus Placements, etc.

• Question 1

Statement: “Buy three shirts of XYZ brand at the price of two shirts only” from the store before the end of this week” – An advertisement.
Assumptions:
I. Many people will visit the store to get the benefit of offer.
II. Customers may go to some other store if the offer is not given.
III. Offers are the best way to attract customers.
• Question 2

Statement: The Delhi transport corporation has introduced air conditioned buses on various routes to attract people travelling to their work places by car and hence reduce congestion on the roads.
Assumptions:
I. Majority of the people may still prefer to travel to their work places in their own cars.
II. Many people may now opt for these buses for travelling to their work places.
• Question 3

Statement:
A Shoe manufacturing company has recently announced a series of incentives to the employees who are punctual and sincere.
Assumptions:
I. The productivity of the company may increase.
II. Those who are not punctual at present may get motivated by the announcement.
III. The profit earned by the company may be more than the amount to be spent for the incentive programmes.
• Question 4

Statement: “The Company should promote their employees on the basis of performance alone and not on the basis of length of service of an employee in that particular company”.
Assumptions:
I. The seniority of a person in a company is not a parameter to measure the performance of an employee.
II. Measuring the merit of the employees of the company is possible.
Choose the answer from the options given below:
• Question 5

Direction: In each of the following examples a statement is given which is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Statement:
Satya’s mother instructed him to return home by train if it rains heavily.
Assumptions:
I. Satya may not be able to decide himself if it rains heavily.
II. The trains may ply even if it rains heavily.
Give your answer as:
• Question 6

Direction: In each of the following examples a statement is given which is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Statement:
“You must learn to refer to dictionary if you want to become a good writer.”- Ashok advises to Brijesh.
Assumptions:
I. Only writers refer to the dictionary.
II. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.
• Question 7

Direction: In question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Statement: There has been a significant drop in the production of electricity in northern parts of India. Courses of action:
I. The electricity supply authority should impose a partial cut in the supply to tackle the situation.
II. The government should appeal to all the residents through print media for minimal use of water.
• Question 8

Direction: In question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Statement: One of the problems facing by the automobile industry is the irregular supply of raw material. The producers are not getting raw material at a reasonable price.
Courses of action:
I. The government should regulate the supply of raw material to other industries also.
II. The government should announce an attractive package to ensure regular supply of raw material for automobile industry.
• Question 9

In the following question a statement is given which is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Statement: Satya’s mother instructed him to return home by train if it rains heavily.
Assumptions:
I. Satya may not be able to decide himself if it rains heavily.
II. The trains may ply even if it rains heavily.
• Question 10

Statement: The local hospital put up a notice board at the main entrance stating that the hospital will carry out free check up for detecting cancer for the people of locality.
Assumptions:
I. Large number of people living in the locality may avail the free check up facility offered by the hospital.
II. Hospital staff deployed for the purpose may be able to cope up with the rush of people for check up.
Choose the answer from the options given below:
• Question 11

Statement: “The Company should promote their employees on the basis of performance alone and not on the basis of length of service of an employee in that particular company”.
Assumptions:
I. The seniority of a person in a company is not a parameter to measure the performance of an employee.
II. Measuring the merit of the employees of the company is possible.
Choose the answer from the options given below:
• Question 12

Directions : In the following question a statement is given which is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Statement: Subsidized food through Public distribution system should be given to rural people in India.
Assumptions:
I. There are many rural people in India who needs basic needs support.
II. The government has sufficient funds to provide food to all rural people.
• Question 13

Given Below is a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity
Three airlines Indigo, Go Air and Air India operate on the Delhi-Bangalore route. To increase the number of seats sold, Air India reduced its fares and this way emulated by Indigo and Go Air immediately. The general belief was that the volume of air travel between Delhi and Bangalore would increase as a result.
Air India, Indigo and Go Air are the top three companies of Airlines Industry in India on the basis of their annual revenue generation.
• Question 14

Read the following statements and decide which assumptions can be logically deduced from the passage and select your answers accordingly given below:
Statement: There are dark clouds around the ground that the game can be possibly stopped.
Assumptions:
I. Dark clouds bring rain.
II. The game cannot be continued in rain.
Choose the answer from the options given below:
• Question 15

In the following question a statement is given which is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.
Assumptions:
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.