# English Language

Bank PO English Language Practice questions will give you the overview of the final exam and the types of questions being asked. Further, you will be able to solve the questions within the given time period. This will increase your chances of cracking the exam on the first go. Start practising with this practice set and judge your skills at every level. This will definitely give you an upper hand in the competition. Importantly, the test paper covers all the section wise questions, which have the maximum probability of being asked in the final exam.

• ## Question 1

Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
As the saying goes, competition brings out the best in products, and sometimes, the worst in people. In the case of Volkswagen fuel emissions scandal, it has led to both bad products and unethical practices. The world’s largest automaker by sales, with roots in industrious Germany, stooped low to gain a foothold in the US — the second largest auto market — and pip rival Toyota, to be the lead player by hook or crook. It rigged software that turned up dubious data in nearly 11 million vehicles sold over several years. The move cost the CEO his job, wiped off $24 billion in VW’s market value, and the company will likely face billions in penalties. The US implements stringent fuel emission standards. But, instead of conducting its own tests, surprisingly, it relies on auto-makers for data. India too follows a similar procedure, where carmakers test vehicles at designated centres and send the results to the government for review and approval. It may be necessary to determine if our lax testing norms are/were exploited. With over 18 crore vehicles currently — likely to touch 45 crore in 2030 — India has notorious pollution levels and the onus is on the government to enforce strict regulations. As it is, our fuel emission norms are way behind developed nations that moved to Euro VI. Only 13 cities have Euro IV-compliant norms, while the rest of the country is stuck with Euro III. If we were to enforce higher emission limits, chances are the difference between lab and real world tests will vary widely. Hence, the government must rethink how emissions are tested. To reduce reliance on self-reported testing data, neutral third-party agencies with necessary infrastructure can be roped in to conduct tests. While it may not be feasible for the authorities to scrutinize every vehicle, surprise checks and audits should be undertaken to detect deceptions. The EU is taking steps in this direction in the wake of the VW episode. Much of the vehicular air pollution can, in fact, be avoided by maintaining proper speed and as a first step, traffic-prone metros should be de-congested. Lastly, cheating should be dealt with severely to prevent it from becoming an industry-wide malpractice. According to the passage, in order to fight competition Volkswagen followed? • ## Question 2 Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: As the saying goes, competition brings out the best in products, and sometimes, the worst in people. In the case of Volkswagen fuel emissions scandal, it has led to both bad products and unethical practices. The world’s largest automaker by sales, with roots in industrious Germany, stooped low to gain a foothold in the US — the second largest auto market — and pip rival Toyota, to be the lead player by hook or crook. It rigged software that turned up dubious data in nearly 11 million vehicles sold over several years. The move cost the CEO his job, wiped off$24 billion in VW’s market value, and the company will likely face billions in penalties.
The US implements stringent fuel emission standards. But, instead of conducting its own tests, surprisingly, it relies on auto-makers for data. India too follows a similar procedure, where carmakers test vehicles at designated centres and send the results to the government for review and approval. It may be necessary to determine if our lax testing norms are/were exploited. With over 18 crore vehicles currently — likely to touch 45 crore in 2030 — India has notorious pollution levels and the onus is on the government to enforce strict regulations. As it is, our fuel emission norms are way behind developed nations that moved to Euro VI. Only 13 cities have Euro IV-compliant norms, while the rest of the country is stuck with Euro III.
If we were to enforce higher emission limits, chances are the difference between lab and real world tests will vary widely. Hence, the government must rethink how emissions are tested. To reduce reliance on self-reported testing data, neutral third-party agencies with necessary infrastructure can be roped in to conduct tests. While it may not be feasible for the authorities to scrutinize every vehicle, surprise checks and audits should be undertaken to detect deceptions. The EU is taking steps in this direction in the wake of the VW episode. Much of the vehicular air pollution can, in fact, be avoided by maintaining proper speed and as a first step, traffic-prone metros should be de-congested. Lastly, cheating should be dealt with severely to prevent it from becoming an industry-wide malpractice.
According to the passage, which move by Volkswagen deteriorated the image of the company?
• ## Question 3

Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
As the saying goes, competition brings out the best in products, and sometimes, the worst in people. In the case of Volkswagen fuel emissions scandal, it has led to both bad products and unethical practices. The world’s largest automaker by sales, with roots in industrious Germany, stooped low to gain a foothold in the US — the second largest auto market — and pip rival Toyota, to be the lead player by hook or crook. It rigged software that turned up dubious data in nearly 11 million vehicles sold over several years. The move cost the CEO his job, wiped off $24 billion in VW’s market value, and the company will likely face billions in penalties. The US implements stringent fuel emission standards. But, instead of conducting its own tests, surprisingly, it relies on auto-makers for data. India too follows a similar procedure, where carmakers test vehicles at designated centres and send the results to the government for review and approval. It may be necessary to determine if our lax testing norms are/were exploited. With over 18 crore vehicles currently — likely to touch 45 crore in 2030 — India has notorious pollution levels and the onus is on the government to enforce strict regulations. As it is, our fuel emission norms are way behind developed nations that moved to Euro VI. Only 13 cities have Euro IV-compliant norms, while the rest of the country is stuck with Euro III. If we were to enforce higher emission limits, chances are the difference between lab and real world tests will vary widely. Hence, the government must rethink how emissions are tested. To reduce reliance on self-reported testing data, neutral third-party agencies with necessary infrastructure can be roped in to conduct tests. While it may not be feasible for the authorities to scrutinize every vehicle, surprise checks and audits should be undertaken to detect deceptions. The EU is taking steps in this direction in the wake of the VW episode. Much of the vehicular air pollution can, in fact, be avoided by maintaining proper speed and as a first step, traffic-prone metros should be de-congested. Lastly, cheating should be dealt with severely to prevent it from becoming an industry-wide malpractice. Volkswagen took advantage of which of the following factors? • ## Question 4 Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: As the saying goes, competition brings out the best in products, and sometimes, the worst in people. In the case of Volkswagen fuel emissions scandal, it has led to both bad products and unethical practices. The world’s largest automaker by sales, with roots in industrious Germany, stooped low to gain a foothold in the US — the second largest auto market — and pip rival Toyota, to be the lead player by hook or crook. It rigged software that turned up dubious data in nearly 11 million vehicles sold over several years. The move cost the CEO his job, wiped off$24 billion in VW’s market value, and the company will likely face billions in penalties.
The US implements stringent fuel emission standards. But, instead of conducting its own tests, surprisingly, it relies on auto-makers for data. India too follows a similar procedure, where carmakers test vehicles at designated centres and send the results to the government for review and approval. It may be necessary to determine if our lax testing norms are/were exploited. With over 18 crore vehicles currently — likely to touch 45 crore in 2030 — India has notorious pollution levels and the onus is on the government to enforce strict regulations. As it is, our fuel emission norms are way behind developed nations that moved to Euro VI. Only 13 cities have Euro IV-compliant norms, while the rest of the country is stuck with Euro III.
If we were to enforce higher emission limits, chances are the difference between lab and real world tests will vary widely. Hence, the government must rethink how emissions are tested. To reduce reliance on self-reported testing data, neutral third-party agencies with necessary infrastructure can be roped in to conduct tests. While it may not be feasible for the authorities to scrutinize every vehicle, surprise checks and audits should be undertaken to detect deceptions. The EU is taking steps in this direction in the wake of the VW episode. Much of the vehicular air pollution can, in fact, be avoided by maintaining proper speed and as a first step, traffic-prone metros should be de-congested. Lastly, cheating should be dealt with severely to prevent it from becoming an industry-wide malpractice.
According to the passage, which of the emission norms is the latest one?
• ## Question 5

Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
As the saying goes, competition brings out the best in products, and sometimes, the worst in people. In the case of Volkswagen fuel emissions scandal, it has led to both bad products and unethical practices. The world’s largest automaker by sales, with roots in industrious Germany, stooped low to gain a foothold in the US — the second largest auto market — and pip rival Toyota, to be the lead player by hook or crook. It rigged software that turned up dubious data in nearly 11 million vehicles sold over several years. The move cost the CEO his job, wiped off $24 billion in VW’s market value, and the company will likely face billions in penalties. The US implements stringent fuel emission standards. But, instead of conducting its own tests, surprisingly, it relies on auto-makers for data. India too follows a similar procedure, where carmakers test vehicles at designated centres and send the results to the government for review and approval. It may be necessary to determine if our lax testing norms are/were exploited. With over 18 crore vehicles currently — likely to touch 45 crore in 2030 — India has notorious pollution levels and the onus is on the government to enforce strict regulations. As it is, our fuel emission norms are way behind developed nations that moved to Euro VI. Only 13 cities have Euro IV-compliant norms, while the rest of the country is stuck with Euro III. If we were to enforce higher emission limits, chances are the difference between lab and real world tests will vary widely. Hence, the government must rethink how emissions are tested. To reduce reliance on self-reported testing data, neutral third-party agencies with necessary infrastructure can be roped in to conduct tests. While it may not be feasible for the authorities to scrutinize every vehicle, surprise checks and audits should be undertaken to detect deceptions. The EU is taking steps in this direction in the wake of the VW episode. Much of the vehicular air pollution can, in fact, be avoided by maintaining proper speed and as a first step, traffic-prone metros should be de-congested. Lastly, cheating should be dealt with severely to prevent it from becoming an industry-wide malpractice. According to the author of the passage, what can be the solution to enforce higher emission limits? • ## Question 6 Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: As the saying goes, competition brings out the best in products, and sometimes, the worst in people. In the case of Volkswagen fuel emissions scandal, it has led to both bad products and unethical practices. The world’s largest automaker by sales, with roots in industrious Germany, stooped low to gain a foothold in the US — the second largest auto market — and pip rival Toyota, to be the lead player by hook or crook. It rigged software that turned up dubious data in nearly 11 million vehicles sold over several years. The move cost the CEO his job, wiped off$24 billion in VW’s market value, and the company will likely face billions in penalties.
The US implements stringent fuel emission standards. But, instead of conducting its own tests, surprisingly, it relies on auto-makers for data. India too follows a similar procedure, where carmakers test vehicles at designated centres and send the results to the government for review and approval. It may be necessary to determine if our lax testing norms are/were exploited. With over 18 crore vehicles currently — likely to touch 45 crore in 2030 — India has notorious pollution levels and the onus is on the government to enforce strict regulations. As it is, our fuel emission norms are way behind developed nations that moved to Euro VI. Only 13 cities have Euro IV-compliant norms, while the rest of the country is stuck with Euro III.
If we were to enforce higher emission limits, chances are the difference between lab and real world tests will vary widely. Hence, the government must rethink how emissions are tested. To reduce reliance on self-reported testing data, neutral third-party agencies with necessary infrastructure can be roped in to conduct tests. While it may not be feasible for the authorities to scrutinize every vehicle, surprise checks and audits should be undertaken to detect deceptions. The EU is taking steps in this direction in the wake of the VW episode. Much of the vehicular air pollution can, in fact, be avoided by maintaining proper speed and as a first step, traffic-prone metros should be de-congested. Lastly, cheating should be dealt with severely to prevent it from becoming an industry-wide malpractice.
According to the author of the passage, what can government do to detect deceptions created by carmakers?
• ## Question 7

Directions : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
• ## Question 19

Directions : Each question below has a blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for the blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
As in 1962, India was taken ____________ by the sudden attack but it _________ quickly and opened another front in the western sector.
• ## Question 20

Directions : Each question below has a blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for the blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
The Group of Four nations, ____________ India, Brazil, Germany and Japan, has rightly asked the United Nations to carry forward the process of reorganizing the Security Council to its ____________ conclusion.
• ## Question 21

Directions : Each question below has a blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for the blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
A list of 98 cities has been released for development into Smart Cities, but ___________ remains in ensuring that it is _____________ and meaningful.
• ## Question 22

Directions : Each question below has a blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for the blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
Undeniably, land is a __________ asset and developers aren’t parting with it even if it means sitting on huge ___________ inventory.
• ## Question 23

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each number some words are suggested below the passage, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate words.
Curiously, many states failed to pitch for towns __23__ the capitals to be developed as Smart Cities, a critical drawback as cities are expanding beyond the __24__ in metropolises. What they did was to campaign for upgrading interior municipal towns where there is hardly any trace of __25__, job creation or access to quality higher education. While developing rural towns like Thanjavur and Dindigul in Tamil Nadu or Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur in Bihar would help bridge the urban-rural divide, an unhealthy side-effect could see the realty sector playing __26__ just as what had happened to second-tier towns during the IT boom. As the European model has shown, funding and thrust on developing physical and digital infrastructures alone cannot create __27__ Smart Cities. By their very nature Smart Cities can become elitist __28__. This temptation has to be fought so that the benefits are available to everyone in our cities. The Smart City idea should be not primarily for investors, real estate sector and IT providers, but for the people.
Answer No. 23 blank of the passage:
• ## Question 24

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each number some words are suggested below the passage, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate words.
Curiously, many states failed to pitch for towns __23__ the capitals to be developed as Smart Cities, a critical drawback as cities are expanding beyond the __24__ in metropolises. What they did was to campaign for upgrading interior municipal towns where there is hardly any trace of __25__, job creation or access to quality higher education. While developing rural towns like Thanjavur and Dindigul in Tamil Nadu or Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur in Bihar would help bridge the urban-rural divide, an unhealthy side-effect could see the realty sector playing __26__ just as what had happened to second-tier towns during the IT boom. As the European model has shown, funding and thrust on developing physical and digital infrastructures alone cannot create __27__ Smart Cities. By their very nature Smart Cities can become elitist __28__. This temptation has to be fought so that the benefits are available to everyone in our cities. The Smart City idea should be not primarily for investors, real estate sector and IT providers, but for the people.
Answer No. 24 blank of the passage:
• ## Question 25

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each number some words are suggested below the passage, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate words.
Curiously, many states failed to pitch for towns __23__ the capitals to be developed as Smart Cities, a critical drawback as cities are expanding beyond the __24__ in metropolises. What they did was to campaign for upgrading interior municipal towns where there is hardly any trace of __25__, job creation or access to quality higher education. While developing rural towns like Thanjavur and Dindigul in Tamil Nadu or Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur in Bihar would help bridge the urban-rural divide, an unhealthy side-effect could see the realty sector playing __26__ just as what had happened to second-tier towns during the IT boom. As the European model has shown, funding and thrust on developing physical and digital infrastructures alone cannot create __27__ Smart Cities. By their very nature Smart Cities can become elitist __28__. This temptation has to be fought so that the benefits are available to everyone in our cities. The Smart City idea should be not primarily for investors, real estate sector and IT providers, but for the people.
Answer No. 25 blank of the passage:
• ## Question 26

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each number some words are suggested below the passage, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate words.
Curiously, many states failed to pitch for towns __23__ the capitals to be developed as Smart Cities, a critical drawback as cities are expanding beyond the __24__ in metropolises. What they did was to campaign for upgrading interior municipal towns where there is hardly any trace of __25__, job creation or access to quality higher education. While developing rural towns like Thanjavur and Dindigul in Tamil Nadu or Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur in Bihar would help bridge the urban-rural divide, an unhealthy side-effect could see the realty sector playing __26__ just as what had happened to second-tier towns during the IT boom. As the European model has shown, funding and thrust on developing physical and digital infrastructures alone cannot create __27__ Smart Cities. By their very nature Smart Cities can become elitist __28__. This temptation has to be fought so that the benefits are available to everyone in our cities. The Smart City idea should be not primarily for investors, real estate sector and IT providers, but for the people.
Answer No. 26 blank of the passage:
• ## Question 27

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each number some words are suggested below the passage, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate words.
Curiously, many states failed to pitch for towns __23__ the capitals to be developed as Smart Cities, a critical drawback as cities are expanding beyond the __24__ in metropolises. What they did was to campaign for upgrading interior municipal towns where there is hardly any trace of __25__, job creation or access to quality higher education. While developing rural towns like Thanjavur and Dindigul in Tamil Nadu or Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur in Bihar would help bridge the urban-rural divide, an unhealthy side-effect could see the realty sector playing __26__ just as what had happened to second-tier towns during the IT boom. As the European model has shown, funding and thrust on developing physical and digital infrastructures alone cannot create __27__ Smart Cities. By their very nature Smart Cities can become elitist __28__. This temptation has to be fought so that the benefits are available to everyone in our cities. The Smart City idea should be not primarily for investors, real estate sector and IT providers, but for the people.
Answer No. 27 blank of the passage:
• ## Question 28

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each number some words are suggested below the passage, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate words.
Curiously, many states failed to pitch for towns __23__ the capitals to be developed as Smart Cities, a critical drawback as cities are expanding beyond the __24__ in metropolises. What they did was to campaign for upgrading interior municipal towns where there is hardly any trace of __25__, job creation or access to quality higher education. While developing rural towns like Thanjavur and Dindigul in Tamil Nadu or Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur in Bihar would help bridge the urban-rural divide, an unhealthy side-effect could see the realty sector playing __26__ just as what had happened to second-tier towns during the IT boom. As the European model has shown, funding and thrust on developing physical and digital infrastructures alone cannot create __27__ Smart Cities. By their very nature Smart Cities can become elitist __28__. This temptation has to be fought so that the benefits are available to everyone in our cities. The Smart City idea should be not primarily for investors, real estate sector and IT providers, but for the people.
Answer No. 28 blank of the passage:
• ## Question 29

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous.Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors.
• ## Question 30

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous.Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors..
• ## Question 31

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous.Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors…
• ## Question 32

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous.Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors….
• ## Question 33

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous.Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors…..
• ## Question 34

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors…….
• ## Question 35

Directions : In each of the following questions there are four parts a, b and c, among which one part is erroneous. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and mark ‘d’ if no error is found. Ignore punctuation errors………..